Sermo Latinus

Lectio prima


Lingua Latina Aeterna




Amīcus certus in rē incertā cernitur1)
A friend in need is a friend indeed
1. -- Salūtō tē Quīnte!
2. -- Salvē et tu Secunde!
3. -- Quid facis?
4. -- Labōrō, magistrātus meus bēlua ferrea est!
5. -- Difficilem labōrem habēs?
6. -- Habeō.
7. -- Nōlī dolēre! Recordā, labor improbus omnia vincit.
8. -- Sciō. Quid vīs?
9. -- Mihī est ōtium, vol
ō tēcum cervēsiam bibere.
10. -- Sed mihī est negōtium, heu, labōrāre dēbeō.
11. Sī adjuvāre mē in labōre nōn vīs, crās tē conveniam...
12. -- Nōlō tē āvocāre, labōrā.
13. -- Prōditor es! Valē!
14. -- Fortūna tēcum sit!

1. -- Greetings to you Quintus!
2. -- And to you Secundus!
3. -- What are you doing?
4. --
I'm working, my supervisor is simply a heartless beast!
5. -- Hard work?
6. -- Yes.
7. -- Don't get upset. You know, hard work overcomes everything!
8. -- Yes, I know. What do you want?
9. -- I have a leisure. Let's go drink beer.
10. -- But I am busy, sorry, I have to work.
11. Unless you want to help me, I'll see you tomorrow.
12. -- Don't want to distract you, keep working.
13. --  Traitor! Bye!
14. -- Good luck!

1) Quintus Ennius,  Hecuba; M. Tullius Cicero, De amicitia.
2) P. Vergilius Maro, Georgicon, I, 145

P1. Nihil tam mūnītum quod nōn expugnā pecūniā possit. (Cicero)
P2. Nīl sine magnō labōre vīta dedit mortālibus. (Horātius)
P3. Omnes hōrae vulnerant, ultima necat.
P4. Sciō nihil scīre. (Sōcratēs)
P5. Vincere sc
īs, Hannibal, victōriā ūti nescīs. (Līvius)
P6. Adde parvum parv
ō magnus acervus erit. (Ovidius)
P7. Be
ātī Hispānī, quibus vīvere bibere est.
P8. N
ōn fuī, fuī, nōn sum, nōn cūrō.
P1. Nothing is so fortified that it can't be conquered with money. (Cicero)
P2. Life gave mortals nothing without hard labor. (Horace)
All hours wound, the last hour kills.
I know that I know nothing. (Socrates)
You know how to win victory, Hannibal, you do not how to use it3). (Livy)
Add little to little and there will be a big pile. (Ovid)
Lucky the Spaniards, for whom living is drinking4).
I was not, I was, I am not, I don't care5).

3) According to Livy a cavalry colonel told Hannibal this after the victory at Cannae in 216 BC, meaning that Hannibal should have marched on Rome directly.

4) A reference to the Latin accent of the Spanish, in which "v" was pronounced as "b".
5) Found on tombstones abbreviated NFFNSNC.

J1. Uxor: Cūr vēnistī domum quārtā vigiliā?
J2. Vir: Aliquō īre possum quārtā vigiliā?
J1. Wife: Why you came home at 5 a.m.!?
J2. Husband: Where would I go at 5 a.m?


Information on the restiututed classical pronunciation you can find here.
Names Quintus and Secundus are translated as Fifth and Second.
At least name Quintus was quite widespread, usually such name was given to a fifth son in family(don't be surprised Romans were quite fertile). In the ancient Rome a day began with a sunrise and ended with a sunset. A day lasted for 12 hours.Thus Midday happens at 6(horā sextā). After the sunset a night began, and it was common to split it into four watches. 5 a.m were during the fourth watch(quārtā vigiliā). Even now one may find such division into watches in use.
In Latin (as, by the way, in
modern Brazilian Portuguese) there is no word for "Yes". In order to express an agreement, you can just repeat an emphatic word from the question as it is done in the sentence 6.

This lesson have been prepared by participants of Sermo Latinus group of Lingua Latina Aeterna forum: fioricino, Sair, Georgius Semenovus, Zombye. Group moderator Georgius Semenovus.

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